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CERN and UNIVERSE of Particles - Geneva, Switzerland
CERN and UNIVERSE of Particles - Geneva, Switzerland

uploaded by: Daneliya

Description: Administrative building № 33 at CERN.

CERN: The European Organization for Nuclear Research, named Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN) at its establishment in 1954, is the  international research organization in the world for research in elementary particle physics and the Universe.

CERN: About 10,000 scientists and engineers working full-time, part-time or associates and students, representing 608 universities and research centers from 113 nationalities.

CERN is the largest scientific laboratory in the world in the field of particle physics where the scientists collaborate to study the elementary constituents of the matter and forces that link them.

CERN: In 1954, 12 countries signed the Convention for the establishment of CERN. Currently (March 2013) the member states of CERN are 20, 18 of which are members of the European Union.
Five countries have observer status. With observer status are the international organizations: UNESCO (from 1954), European Commission (from 1985)

Some remarkable moments in the history of the International scientific organization:
1957: Start work the first accelerator, the Synchro-Cyclotron (SC)
1959: The Proton Synchrotron (PS) put into operation.
1968: Georges Charpak invents the room Proportional chamber - Nobel Prize in Physics, 1992 for "the discovery and creation of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber".
1971: The Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), the first proton-proton collider in the world, start work.
1973: Discovery of "neutral currents", the first confirmation of the electroweak theory.
1976: The Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) comes into operation.
1983: Discovered the W and Z bosons. Nobel Prize, 1984 of Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer.
1989: The Grand collider electron-positron (LEP) starts. It confirms that there are only three types of neutrinos.
1990: Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web.
1993: First accurate results on CP violation, explaining the difference between matter and antimatter fraction.
1995: First observation of antihydrogen.
1999: The construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), debuted.
2000: Creation of a new state of matter, the plasma of quarks and gluons, which are probably just after the Big Bang.
2002: First results of antihydrogen atoms.
2009: Firsts collisions in the LHC.
2013 (14 March): Confirmation of the existence of the Higgs boson.

Source of information: Official information materials and publications of CERN.

photo - personal archive

Recommended links:
http://home.web.cern.ch/

http://atlas.ch/

http://www.lhc.ac.uk/

http://www.atelier-brueckner.com/nc/en/projects/museums/cern-universe-of-particles.html?tx_photogals_elementid=1530&tx_photogals_image=1

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120704115008.htm

http://outreach.web.cern.ch/outreach/

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/c/cern/index.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19870036

http://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1935251/cern_physicists_see_parallel_universe_possibilities/

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2203313/CERN-starts-cracking-particles-plasma-soup-existed-second-Big-Bang.html

http://edition.cnn.com/2011/12/13/world/europe/higgs-boson-q-and-a

CERN and UNIVERSE of Particles - Geneva, Switzerland

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Anonymous 2016-05-28 08:12:54

There's a terrific amount of knldweoge in this article!