Great hunting mosaic from Apamea in Cinquantenaire museum, Brussels

The ancient full-color mosaic in Greco-Roman style was discovered in 1935 in the reception room of a building that is probably from the period 415-420 and was the palace of the governor of the Roman province of Syria Secunda. The great mosaic with scenes of hunting subjects, called "The hunting mosaics of Apamea", is in the number of the most prestigious compositions of this art. Realized is probably in an atelier in the Syrian city of Apamea. Coming from the center of the empire, the work can be compared technically and thematically with an ensemble of that time in the "Palace of the Byzantine emperors" in Constantinople.

In antiquity, Apamea was the main city of Apamene region located in Northern Syria, on the Orontes River. Later Apamea became the main city of the Roman province of Syria Secunda. At the time of Alexander the Great, the city was renamed and known as Pella. The city has a long and dramatic history and was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, but it always had a strategic importance for the region as one of the main cities in the eastern part of the vast Roman Empire. By historical records, in 6-7 th centuries in the city lived about 117,000 free men, which suggests that the total population was about half a million inhabitants, making it one of the largest cities in the oriental part of the Roman Empire.

The hunt because of the risks when practiced, especially when it comes to big game, glorifies the qualities of hunters as courage and virtues that are essential qualities of one leader, as was the governor of the province of Syria Secunda. But also the ingenuity of one who knows how to offer its guests scenes of hunting game, such as those in the mosaic, as a spectacle. It's therefore not surprising that the mosaic was appeared on the floor of the governor's reception room of 120 m², where the governor accepts the audience.

The mosaic flooring, unfortunately, is not dated precisely, but can be determined to the second quarter of the VIth century of our era, for which gives reason and the inscription placed on the doorstep: "During the many beautiful Apellion, the triclinos was rebuilt in the month Gorpiaios, third indict, in the year 851 (In September, 539 of our era)".

By information of the Musée du Cinquantenaire (Musées royaux d'art et d'histoire), parc du Cinquantenaire, Bruxelles.

Related images

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Hunting mosaic from Apamea, Cinquantenaire Museum (Royal Museums of Art and History), Brussels

Related links

http://www.kmkg-mrah.be/fr/salle-apam%C3%A9e

http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/Apamea.html

http://romeartlover.tripod.com/Apamea2.html

http://etc.ancient.eu/2015/05/05/apamea-syria-roman-ruins-in-warzone/