Unique antique masterpiece of Amalia van Solms from 1660 y. (more than 350 years old)

Tureen with gems and cameos, 29,2 cm x 19,5 cm x 16,5 cm, ca. 1600 gr. from the collection of Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Dutch National Museum of Antiquities), Leiden, Netherlands. The tureen was made of gold, enamel, gems and cameos, ca. 1660, GS-60001A.

This tureen of enamelled gold has been decorated with gems and cameos. The piece stems from the collection of Amalia of Solms (1602-1675), who married Prince Frederick Henry of Orange in 1625. Amalia and Frederick Henry amassed an impressive collection of art. Around 1660 Amalia ordered this golden masterpiece, which is decorated with precious gemstones from antiquity and later periods. In 1816 the tureen became public property through an initiative of the first Dutch King William I. (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden, Netherlands)

But who was Amalia van Solms?! One of the most famous women in Dutch history is undoubtedly Amalia van Solms-Braunfels, Princess of Orange-Nassau. Her high family status puts her in the center of a bustling cultural, political and social life. Wife of Prince, a mother and grandmother of kings, cousin and a relative of the most influential European royal and noble families. This vivid life in the 17th century was marked by the flowering of the Flemish Renaissance era of the “Dutch Golden Age” painting, Flemish arts and culture. This is the century of Rembrandt, Johannes Vermeer, Piter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens, Frans Hals, David Teniers, Cornelis de Man, Jan Steen, Paulus Potter, Jan Miense Molenaer, Pieter Jansz. Saenredam and many others, this is the century of goldsmiths and master artists of jewelry and jewelry items for the household as Wilhelm de Rots, Johannes Lutma, Adam van Vianen, Adriaen van Hoecke, Reynier van Stapele and others. This is the century, that educate and satisfies the need for more exquisiteness and beauty in life! Amalia van Solms, undoubtedly, was the woman with extremely attitude to this beauty. Many exquisite items, some of which made on her own private demand, are preserved in a number of major European museums or belong to private collections. In the rare cases where it's possible to contemplate directly one of her own objects, I remain fascinated by the incredible precision of workmanship, perfect lines and forms, splendor of colors and materials.

Born in the Braunfels Castle in Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany on August 31, 1602, her life passes mainly in The Hague, Netherlands, where she died on September 8, 1675. She was buried in Delft, Netherlands, where are the tombs of most Dutch rulers and their relatives. Amalia van Solms-Braunfels is the daughter of count John Albert I of Solms-Braunfels and countess Agnes of Sayn-Wittgenstein. She became Princess of Orange-Nassau, when she married Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, in 1625. Her son Prince William II married Mary Henrietta Stuart, Princess Royal of England and Scotland, daughter of King Charles I of England. In 1650, after the death of her son William II, and until 1672, Amalia van Solms-Braunfels, Princess of Orange became regent of Orange-Nassau of her grandson William III, Prince William III of Orange, also King William III of England.

As a wife to the Stadtholder of the United Provinces (Verenigde Provinciën) Prince Frederick Henry and after the death of his half-brother Prince Maurice, the influence and prestige of her family and palace-life in The Hague growing. In the ornately decorated halls of the family castles and palaces there are countless shining exquisite items of jewelery art, necklaces and bracelets with gems, paintings of exceptional value, ceramics, porcelain, goldsmiths's and silver crockery, studded with precious stones. Amalia van Solms, Princess of Orange-Nassau creates an exclusive collection of art, jewelry and precious stones.

Related images

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Tureen with gems and cameos of Amalia van Solms, detail, 1660 year, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Related links

http://historiek.net/amalia-van-solms-1602-1675/57554/

https://www.haagshistorischmuseum.nl/collectie/amalia-van-solms

http://www.haagsetijden.nl/entry/1116/amalia-van-solms/stamboom#.V36DqhIt1UY

http://www.isgeschiedenis.nl/sterke-vrouwen/oranje-moeder-amalia-van-solms/